[LACNIC/Seguridad] fwd: Fake Caller ID Attacks On The Rise

Fernando Gont fernando en gont.com.ar
Vie Mayo 4 13:31:19 BRT 2012



Fake Caller ID Attacks On The Rise
"Vishing" attacks increased by 52 percent in the second half of last year

By Kelly Jackson Higgins
Dark Reading

What if your caller ID showed an incoming call from your bank, but it
was really from criminals posing as your bank? That's what's happening
en masse, with a major surge in voice-call phishing, or vishing, attacks
in the second half of 2011.

A new report from enterprise anti-phone fraud firm Pindrop Security
found a 52 percent increase in vishing attacks in the U.S. between July
and December 2011. There were 124,258 phony calls reported by banks in
July, and some 189,439 in December, according to the report.

The numbers even surprised Pindrop, which had caught wind of such
incidents from its enterprise customers. "The sheer breadth of these
phishing incidents surprised us, and volume was increasing rapidly. We
had an indication that a significant number of incidents was happening,
but we didn't realize how quickly it was progressing" until we actually
measured it, says Vijay Balasubramaniyan, founder and CEO of Pindrop

According to the report, the top five U.S. banks were all targeted by
vishers, and 30 of the top 50 banks as well. The attackers' weapon of
choice: voice-over-IP, which accounted for 57.6 percent of the phone
fraud attacks, followed by landline phones, 37.4, and then mobile, 5

The proliferation of VoIP has contributed to the rise in phone fraud,
Balasubramaniyan says, as has the increased security of online banking
systems. "Attackers move to the weakest link," which is posing as a bank
and asking the caller to provide his banking information over the phone,
he says.

Attackers basically automate scripts to dial multiple people and, like
any mass phisher, cast a wide net that ultimately catches a few
unsuspecting customers of the bank they have spoofed. The attackers can
download CallerID software that allows them to show whatever phone
number they want to, Balasubramaniyan says.

"They are targeting both consumers and businesses. The end goal is to
steal money -- get identity information and then convert it to cash," he

Among the top cities for vishing attacks are New York (22,500
incidents), Washington, D.C. (21,000 incidents), Phoenix (19,500
incidents), Portland, Ore. (18,500 incidents), and Seattle (18,000
incidents), between July and December 2011. Los Angeles, Atlanta,
Chicago, Houston, and Kent, Wash., round out the top 10 cities prone to

How do they select their targets? It's actually quite simple: They start
with the area code and exchange for a particular region and blanket-dial
a group of numbers, Balasubramaniyan says. "They do blanket calling and
hope you are a bank's customer."

While most of these attacks are asking victims to provide their credit
card or other account information, others are using actual credit card
codes to dupe customers. They may use the digits that a specific bank
uses for its credit cards as a lure, for instance, using "your credit
card starting with the numbers 123," for instance.

"Then they could see who's falling for it, and that will start leading
them to which areas bank with which banks more, and they can start
spear-phishing customers," for instance, Balasubramaniyan says.

So who's behind these attacks? Pindrop says these are large criminal
gangs. The company's honeypot has collected around 300,000 phone numbers
used by attackers, and one of the biggest gangs operates with 4,000
different phone numbers.

Even so, vishing is still nowhere near as widespread as phishing. "I
would say give it time," Balasubramaniyan says.
Fernando Gont
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